Diabetes: types. Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disorder that is detected by abnormal levels of glucose in the blood. This is caused by an alteration that exists in the production of insulin.
Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas, its main function is to regulate adequate blood sugar levels.
Insulin allows glucose from food to pass into cells, where it is transformed into the energy necessary for the proper functioning of tissues and muscles. If this energy is not used, it is stored until needed.